By- Tanya Gupta

“In this case of Rakesh Kumar Paul versus State of Assam (2017) 15 SCC 67, the denounced charged under section 13(1) of the Prevention and Corruption Act for which discipline limit of 10 years.

The state contended that the greatest date for recording default bail would begin following 90 days. In any case, Justice Madan Bhimrao Lokur of the Honorable Supreme Court held that in such a case, the date of documenting default bail would be held at 60 days.

Since the discipline for the situation was at a limit of 10 years. No case for Grant of a default bail can be recorded under section 167 of the code. On account of the charge sheet has documented by the police before the termination of 60 or 90 days. Default bail is such a corrective reaction to the police for not recording the charge sheet in time after the primary remand of the occused.”

The Supreme Court’s view in Rakesh Kumar Paul v State of Assam, (2017) that in issues of individual flexibility, the courts can’t and ought not to be too specialized and should lean for individual freedom.

The nonexclusive guideline of criminal law is that “an individual is honest until demonstrated liable.” From even before the enlistment of a FIR till the consummation of the preliminary, the law accommodates numerous arrangements of bail.

In innumerable cases, the Supreme Court has held that bail is an individual’s outright right (in bailable offenses). Conceding of bail is the standard while sending to prison is the special case. All the time, we find out about expectant bail or ordinary bail. Yet, there is one more kind of bail that is moderately less known. This is called default bail.

“The grant of Bail is almost always dependent on merit except in cases of statutory or default bail, which is covered in section 167(2) of the Criminal Code of Procedure, 1973 where a trial Court grants bail to the applicant upon failure of the police to submit a charge-sheet within the stipulated time after the arrest. The subsection is further bifurcated to provide for entitlements of an accused of obtaining the bail.”

  • Section 57, CrPC: This part expresses an individual who is captured without a warrant can’t be kept in authority past a time of 24 hours. Such an individual must be delivered before the concerned Magistrate. The time of authority can go past 24 hours whenever indicated so by a unique request allowed under area 167.
  • Section 167(2), CrPC: Section 167 of CrPC sets down arrangements for situations when examination can’t be finished inside 24 hours. Subsection 2 of this segment engages the Magistrate to send the blamed in the authority for 15 days one after another. It further expresses that the complete time of such confinement will not surpass past:
  • 90 days, where the offense is culpable with death, life detainment, or detainment of 10 years,
  • 60 days, where the examination identifies with an offense other than those predefined above.


Given that there was no common clash between the perspectives on the Supreme Court in Rajeev Chaudhary and Bhupinder Singh, we can say that the Court has essentially maintained the view in Rajeev Chaudhary by a 2-1 split in the current case.

Thus, the greater part sentiments need conviction on the issue that was being talked about. Lokur, J. furthermore, Pant, J. indicated the language of Section 167 Cr.P.C. being dangerous, and it is evident that the issues will persevere without clear authoritative mediation. Offered how this input has just maintained the norm – for Rajeev Chaudhary had just controlled the forces of analytical offices on this front, it is impossible that this will occur.

Teleologically, maybe that is for the best all things considered. On another note, the larger part conclusion warrants adulation for changing the system of default bail by setting a more prominent onus on the courts.

It has for some time been recognized how charged people keep on moping in guardianship notwithstanding being qualified for default bail, simply because of poor legitimate help. While I have frequently observed preliminary courts advising blamed individual’s for their privileges, an exacting respecting of the Court’s perceptions in Rakesh Kumar Paul can positively assist the reason. “The Petitioner had also made an argument trying to construe the maximum period of punishment as seven years using the Lokpal and Lokayuktas Act 2013, which was roundly rejected by all courts hearing the case.”

Case Notes

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