Trafficking in human beings especially in women and children is a serious matter that is pervasive in India. Trafficking of children is a worldwide phenomenon where women and children are subjected to forced labour and sex trafficking.
In India, in the last few years the magnitude of human trafficking has increased though the accurate numbers are not known. It is one of the most lucrative criminal trades beside arms and drug smuggling which are undertaken by highly organized criminals.
In India, Child trafficking is not only carried out for sex ‘trade’ but also for the other forms of non-sex based exploitations which include domestic labour, industrial labour, agriculture labour, begging, organ trade and false marriage.
And when the question arises that who are the children trafficked, they are illiterate with very low level of illiteracy, belong to poor families, street children and even many of them are victims of natural disasters or calamities.
After viewing the magnitude of the problems, India has built a fairly wide framework of laws enacted by the Parliament. Article 23 and 24 of the Constitution and is the Legal Framework to address trafficking in the India.
The author has also discussed the factors which are leading to trafficking, magnitude of problems, role of state, NGOs, Media and legal framework subjected to child trafficking.
KEY WORDS: Child Trafficking, Constitution, drug smuggling, agriculture labour, begging